Riga Airmuseum is unique in the Baltic countries and one of the largest in Europe. It's collection of Soviet aircraft is also the greatest in in outside of Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS).
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Immediately after World War II ended Yakovlev Design Bureau produced training aircraft Yak-18, which had to become main primary trainer of the Soviet Air Force. On its design were based numerous training and aerobatics variants. Aeroflot used restricted Yak-18A numbers in its flight schools till 1972. Nevertheless, aircraft designed accordingly to military standards wasn't fully acceptable for civil pilots training. First problem was steering (control stick instead of steering wheel). Second one was student and instructor placing behind each other (most common in civil aviation is side by side placing). Third problem was lack of navigation equipment which not allowed landing training in poor weather. That's why Yakovlev designers decided to rework Yak-18 airframe and to develop multi-purpose civil variant which could be used not only for training but also for commercial purposes.
Number 53 red.
28 April 2009 - an important event happened in history of museum - from the airport of Sheremetyevo to Riga took off his last flight Tu-134А-3. “Aeroflot – Russian airlines” make a present to Riga’s Club of Young Pilots the name of F.A.Candera for the use as a museum-piece and train aid for preparation of young pilots.
Giving the contribution of deep respect the veterans of civil aviation, to resident in Latvia, and for strengthening of friendship and mutual understanding between the Russian and latvian people, rule “Aeroflot – Russian airlines” were accepted by a decision to pass an air ship Tu-134А-3 RA-65717 in the Riga museum of aviation.
At the beginning of 1960's Sukhoi Design Bureau finished to develop its new fighter-bomber Su-7B («Fitter») and another important task arised — to make two-seat training variant of this type. This objective was urgent because Su-7B was hard to control, especially on landing and critical flight stages. Two-seater, designated Su-7U («Moujik»), destined to make training process easier and quicker for pilots.
In 1960's there was wide spread opinion among military specialists that military jets have to be able to fly on soft-surface runways during war conflicts. Because main (concrete) runways could be easily put out of operation by the enemy strikes. This idea influenced on new variant of the wide-spread Sukhoi Su-7B fighter-bomber — Su-7BKL (NATO-code «Fitter»).